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Table2-13. Endocrine, nutritional, and metabolic systems

Structure and functionStructural classification, mechanism of action and secretory regulation of hormones
Structure and functionNames of hypothalamic hormones and pituitary hormones, and their actions and interrelationships
Structure and functionAction and secretory regulation of thyroid and parathyroid hormone
Structure and functionStructure of the adrenal gland and actions and regulatory mechanisms of the hormones secreted
Structure and functionAction of hormones secreted by pancreatic islets
Structure and functionSynthesis, metabolic pathways, and actions of male and female sex hormones
Structure and functionDigestion, absorption, and bioavailability of macronutrients (carbohydrates, proteins, fats), vitamins, and trace elements
Structure and functionMetabolic pathways and interactions of carbohydrates, proteins, and lipids
Structure and functionFactors affecting blood hormone concentrations and diurnal changes in hormones
SymptomsWeight loss
SymptomsWeight gain
SymptomsMenstrual abnormalities
SymptomsShort stature
SymptomsPhysical symptoms due to hormone excess or deficiency
SymptomsPhysical symptoms due to excess or deficiency of energy intake
Methods of examinationMeasurements of hormone in blood and urine
Methods of examinationEndocrine function tests and hormone stimulation/stress tests