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Table2-9. Reproductive system

Structure and functionGonadal development and processes of sex differentiation
Structure and functionProcess of male reproductive organ development
Structure and functionMorphology and function of male reproductive organs
Structure and functionTissue structure of testis and process of spermatogenesis
Structure and functionTissue structure of the penis and mechanisms of erection and ejaculation
Structure and functionProcesses of female reproductive organ development
Structure and functionMorphology and function of female reproductive organs
Structure and functionOnset of menstrual cycle and mechanisms of ovulation
Structure and functionProcesses of menopause and changes in disease risk factors
SymptomsAbdominal pain
SymptomsAbdominal distention and abdominal mass
SymptomsMenstrual disorders
SymptomsErectile dysfunction
SymptomsEjaculation disorders
SymptomsTesticular dysfunction
SymptomsAbnormal vaginal bleeding
SymptomsAbnormal vaginal discharge
SymptomsVaginal dryness
Methods of examinationDiagnostic imaging of testes and prostate (urography, CT, and MRI), and ultrasound
Methods of examinationMeasurement of hormones in the blood (follicle stimulating hormone (FSH), luteinizing hormone (LH), prolactin, human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG), estrogen, and progesterone)
Methods of examinationImaging tests of pelvic organs and tumors (ultrasound, CT, MRI, and hysterosalpingography (HSG ))
Methods of examinationMeasurement of basal body temperature
Methods of examinationExamination of vaginal discharge
Specific therapiesIn vitro fertilization-embryo transfer (IVF-ET)