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Table2-4. Musculoskeletal system

Structure and functionComposition and function of bone, cartilage, joints, and ligaments
Structure and functionAnatomy of the head and neck
Structure and functionAnatomy and function of the spine
Structure and functionBone structure of the limbs, movement and innervation of major muscle groups
Structure and functionPelvic anatomy and sex-related differences
Structure and functionMechanisms of bone growth, formation, and resorption
Structure and functionMuscle groups involved in posture and trunk movement
Structure and functionAntigravity muscles (muscles of the body that work to maintain posture against the effects of gravity)
SymptomsMotor paralysis and muscle weakness
SymptomsGait disturbance
SymptomsSensory disturbance
SymptomsBack pain
SymptomsArthralgia and joint swelling
SymptomsNeck pain
Methods of examinationManual muscle strength testing for pathological conditions of the musculoskeletal system (range of motion testing and neurological examination of extremities and spine, etc.)
Methods of examinationDiagnostic imaging of musculoskeletal system (X-ray, CT, MRI, ultrasound, and bone mineral density testing)Synovial fluid testing
Methods of examinationSynovial fluid testing
Specific therapiesRehabilitation treatment of musculoskeletal disease
Specific therapiesTreatment and procedure of sprains, fractures, and dislocations